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Mobile Genetic Elements

 

Single strand transposition and IS200/IS605 family

 

« Domesticated »  HuH  transposases and REP/BIME evolution
ISfinder

Mobile Genetic Elements (MGE) play a fundamental role in the dynamics of bacterial genomes and in the capacity of bacterial populations to rapidly adapt to environmental changes. These elements actively participate in horizontal transfer processes. Our objective is to provide an integrative description of mobility of certain MGE groups: their molecular mechanism, their regulation and their impact on genome dynamics. Our research focuses on "HuH" elements in structuring and shaping bacterial genomes. These elements encode Transposases related to Rep proteins (rolling circle replication) and to Relaxases (conjugative transfer). We are studying the single strand transposition and gene capture mechanism adopted by some bacterial insertion sequence families. Another research area concerns the role of "domesticated" HuH Transposases in genome plasticity and in evolution of REP (Repeated Extragenic Palindrome) elements. We also created and maintain ISfinder, an international database and reference on bacterial insertion sequences.

Organism studied:

Escherichia coli.

KeywordsMGE, genomic plasticity, horizontal transfer, transposition

 

 

 

Univ.Toulouse
Fédération de Recherche
 

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Laboratoire de Microbiologie
et Génétique Moléculaires
UMR 5100